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Please note: flags are used to indicate the language of a website, not its nationality!


EN  The Museum of Electric Lamp Technology

J.D. Hooker's website traces the development of the materials, science and technology behind electric light sources from their earliest beginnings right up to the present day. It contains a great number of illustrations of historic lamps, together with in-depth technical details.


Stanislav Slabyhoudek is a collector of light sources, vacuum products, leaflets, catalogs, patent papers, plants stories, and all other information around the light. His collection contains almost 11,000 different lamps: this is probably the most complete collection in the world!

EN  Kilokat's Antique Light Bulb Site

Tim Tromp's website purpose is to share over 600 pictures of items from his personal collection. Such items include antique light bulbs, early radio tubes and box art, Geissler and Crookes discharge tubes, X-ray tubes, Aerolux figural neon glow lights, vintage Christmas lights and more. Available for download are old lighting catalogs, early historical books on lighting, and a vast assortment of other paper items. It offers also a discussion board to allow fellow collectors and historians to network with others and post classified ads.

DE  Lampenmuseum

This website presents the collection of Rigo Richter: more than 1,100 pictures of discharge lamps, arc lamps, spectral lamps, and much more.

DE  Stefan's Lichtparade

Stefan Eichhorn's private collection of incandescent lamps, discharge lamps and flash lamps, with many pictures and technical details. Also many catalogs available for download.

EN  Don Klipstein's Web Site

A wealth of in-depth information about LEDs, Incandescent and Halogen Lamps, Fluorescent Lamps, Discharge Lamps, Short Arc Lamps, Xenon Lamps, Xenon Strobes, UV lamps, Odd and Unusual Lamps, High Voltage Stuff, Tesla Coils, Plasma Spheres, Jacobs Ladders, Carbon Arcs, Lasers, and much more!

EN  Electric Light by Frank Andrews

This website is a record of a collection that Frank Andrews built up in the 1980's to research a book on the history of Electric Lighting. His area of interest was the developement of the bulb from an expensive luxury 1900-10, developments leading to the modern bulb 1900-1920, Refinement and social impact 1920 onwards.

EN  Museum of Electrical Lighting and Industrial History, Hungary

The goal of this private museum is to collect, restore and preserve the remnants of electric lighting technology and the history of the technical industry, especially from the 1950s to the 1990s. It exhibits about 3,000 lamps, light sources, vacuum technology and glass processing equipment, electrical and telecommunication devices. The website is mainly in Hungarian language, but Google Translate provides a great help!

EN  Lighting Gallery

Lighting Gallery is an Internet forum and photo gallery for electric lighting. It's a great place to share photographs, discuss lighting-related topics, and ask questions.

EN  Antique & Vintage Light Bulb e-Museum

This website features photos of antique and vintage light bulbs, including items such as sockets and other bulb-like items such as tubes, rectifiers, and flashbulbs.

EN  Electrical & Radio Theory

David W. Knight's site presents, among others: glow discharge tubes, spark gaps, trigger tubes, lightning arresters, voltage regulators, etc.

FR  PHOZAGORA, un site web de référence sur l'éclairage public

Comprehensive documentation of street lighting fixtures and installations.

EN  Lamp photos

A large collection of lamps of all kind: incandescent, fluorescent, mercury, metal halide, sodium, neon, and more.

EN  English Street Lights Online

Mike Barford's collection consists of lanterns and associated running equipment from a variety of eras. He has been able to assemble something of a virtual history of street lighting in the United Kingdom (especially that of the Derbyshire area) through his site./p>

EN  Championing the low-pressure sodium (SOX/LPS) lamp

Matthew Eagles has compiled exhaustive data on low-pressure sodium lamps, most commonly used in public lighting and recognisable by their golden yellow light. History, operation, diagnostics, models...


EN  Virtual Valve Museum

The Virtual Valve Museum is the online presentation of Jeremy M. Harmer's personal collection. There are currently more than 2,670 valves in the collection, and 2,250 are on the website, with nice pictures and data.

EN  The National Valve Museum

Allan Wyatt's virtual museum presents more than 2,500 vacuum tubes of all types, illustrated with superb photographs and full technical details.


Norman Wilson's rich collection of tubes is conceived as a virtual museum that tube collectors could use for reference on the Internet. Mainly transmitting tubes, but other categories are present as well (early receiving tubes, rectifiers, thyratrons, klystrons, magnetrons, X-ray and special purpose tubes).

DE  EN  Röhren Sammlung - Tube Collection

A comprehensive overview of the fabulous collection of Udo Radtke: more than 10,000 vacuum tubes from the whole world, some very rare.

DE  EN  Röhrenmuseum - Tube museum

Pictures, data and facts about more than 2,400 tubes.

DE  Die Homepage von H.-T. Schmidt

A rich source of pictures and technical information about German vacuum tubes.

DE  Jogis Röhrenbude

Joachim Gittel's website is a gold mine of information on German vacuum tubes.

FR  Les lampes radio

French radio ham Claude Paillard builds from scratch vacuum tubes! Watch the absolutely mesmerizing 17 minutes video. Also on this website: Detailed history of the radio tubes, Construction of a transmitter using old lamps.

EN  Mike's Electric Stuff

Mike Harrison's website has a lot of interesting material about electric related stuff, like unusual vacuum tubes, nixies, dekatrons & counting tubes, Tesla coils and other high-voltage devices, lasers, and much, much more!

DE  EN  FR  Radiomuseum

Photo galleries of the tube collections of Radiomuseum members.

EN  Tube Collectors Association - Tube Photo Gallery

Some interesting and/or unusual types.

EN  Wehrmacht Luftfahrtröhren Triodes

Pictures and data.

EN  Die Universität Innsbruck - Experimental Physics Museum

Gallery of electronic tubes.

RU  Red Star Radiosite

Pictures and data of various tubes, mainly Russian types.

JP  Emission Lab

Although most of the site is in Japanese, it has many interesting pictures of Western Electric Transmitting & Receiving Tubes and other World Vacuum Tubes.

JP  Museum on Historical Articles - Japanese Vacuum Tubes

Although in Japanese, this website presents many pictures and data about Japanese tubes. Google Translate provides a great help!

EN  A.S.E. - Associazione Storia dell'Elettronica

This site presents the personal collection of Emilio Ciardiello, “Edelpro Museum”, which comprises many interesting and unusual tubes, and presents detailed technical information about them.

DE  Dietmar Platz Webseite

A tube collection that focuses on unusual tubes, such as large glass tubes, prototypes, or pieces that are interesting or rare because of their shape or technique.

EN  SM5CBW's Tube site

The site of Åke Holm (Sweden) is dedicated to electron tubes, with emphasis on older military types. A lot of pictures and technical information.


This site presents, among other things, photos and technical data sheets of tubes, including many Russian tubes, and a photo gallery of traveling wave tubes (TWT).

EN  Walt Gromov's Radio Museum - Communications in WW I and WW II

Vacuum tubes (1917-1945) from the collections of WALT GROMOV's Radio Museum.

NL  John's Radio Web

Unfortunately, John Hupse, the creator of this website, passed away in September 2020. Due to requests from the radio community and as a memorial site, his site is still available, and presents radios, gramophones, loudspeakers, recorders, amplifiers, power supplies, and lamps.

EN  Stone Vintage Radio Museum

A virtual museum and research site for antique radios, wireless, crystal set radios, tube amplifiers, tubes, and valves. Stone Vintage Radio museum depicts the history of early radio from Marconi to the 1950s, with hundreds of pictures, images, history, and descriptions of antique radios.

FR  Association Tedimage38

The Tedimage38 association is made up of a group of active and retired employees of Thomson-CSF, Thales Tubes Electroniques and Trixell, who wish to ensure the preservation and the historical development of the products designed and manufactured in St Egrève and Moirans in Isère since 1955.

IT  Radio d'Epoca

Passionate about electricity, Dr. Marco Manfredini began collecting old radios very early on, being particularly interested in the national production of the 1920s and 1930s, the pioneering and golden years of Italian radio. His website presents the radios he has restored, as well as numerous documents and technical information.

DE  Das kleine Röhrenmuseum in Ellzee

Numerous photographs of tubes of all kinds: transmitting, receiving, CRTs, microwave, X-ray, etc.

DE  Dr. Eckart Viehl : Meine - und andere - elektronische Röhren

Presentation of some of the most interesting tubes in Mr. Eckart Viehl's collection.

DE  WF-Museum

On this website, the archive of the Industrial Salon Schöneweide presents a selection of various testimonies from the former “Werk für Fernsehelektronik (WF)” in Berlin Oberschöneweide. The WF was once the largest “Volkseigene Betrieb” (VEB) in East Berlin and the leading site for television and electrical engineering of all kinds in the GDR. This included electron tubes, measuring equipment, optoelectronics, semiconductor technology - and not least picture tubes. The factory existed from 1945 to 1993, before it was taken over by Samsung and then finally closed in 2005.


DE  EN  FR  Frag´ Jan Zuerst --- Ask Jan First GmbH & Co. KG

Jan Philipp Wüsten offers a large number of vacuum tubes of all types, including some unusual, as well as technical books, old radios, measuring equipment, accessories and spare parts... PayPal, VISA and Mastercard credit cards, bank transfer and bank check are accepted. A very serious salesman.

EN  TubesValves, relics of the Tube Valve era

Tony and MJ are collectors, admirers and suppliers of many fine vacuum Tubes/Valves and related products from around the world.
Various Brands, ie: RCA, GE, Telefunken, Sylvania, Amperex, Philips, Tung-Sol, Mullard and many many more.
Audio, Guitar Amplifier, Radio, TV and Scientific Experimental vacuum tubes are often listed as well as other various tube era relics like radios, tube testers etc. as they become available.


EN  The RCA Selectron: A 1940s vacuum tube digital memory

Charles S. Osborne has gathered all available information on the RCA Selectron, a Selective Electrostatic Storage Tube, and also hard-to-find data on vintage computers and [Direct View] Storage Tubes.


EN  Tube Data Sheet Locator

A fabulous Web resource for finding data on 17,000 vacuum tubes and more than 22,800 substitutes.

EN  Frank's Electron tube Pages

Frank Philipse's website gathers more than 10,000 PDF datasheets. It provides also information about tube bases, tube number systems, and other tube related subjects.

EN  Roy J. Tellason's Vacuum Tubes charts and datasheets

A comprehensive directory of datasheets, some hard-to-find.

EN  Virtual Valve Museum - CV Register of Electronic Valves

CV Register of Electronic Valves (including semiconductor devices) 1963, Amendment 14 (May 1971).

EN  Vintage info from the days of vacuum tubes

Pete Millett shares a collection of vintage engineering texts, vacuum tube datasheets, and other obsolete information, presented free of charge and without annoying advertisements.

EN  DF6NA Tube Data-Sheets

Russian and Microwave Tubes datasheets.

EN  Radau5's Vacuum Tube Site

Basics of data tubes, datasheets, circuits.

EN  4tubes

Here you'll find 300B and other tube schematics, drawings, pictures, datasheets, and just anything a tube freak needs!

EN  Russian Tubes LLC

The website of this Russian company contains many datasheets about Backward wave tubes, Gas stabilizers, Gas discharge devices, Generator and modulator tubes, Klystrons, Magnetrons, Noise generators, Receive amplify tubes, Spark gaps, Travelling wave tubes and CRTs.


This company specializes in trading Russian vacuum tubes used in broadcasting, amateur radio, Hi-Fi audio, meteorology, communication, medical applications and industry. The website shows data for many Russian tubes.

EN  RU  Klausmobile Russian Tube Directory

Over 200 original datasheets are scanned mostly from the 1966 Electron Devices Reference (in Russian) and saved as .GIF graphics at minimum readable resolution.

EN  Russian/Soviet tube factories and their logos

This table is courtesy of Eric Barbour and will be extremely useful for identifying Russian tubes.

FR  LEXILOGOS - Clavier cyrillique

Enter Cyrillic characters using this virtual keyboard, then copy/paste them into your favorite search engine.

EN  VinylSavor

Thomas Mayer's blog is about vacuum tube audio, new amplifiers and preamplifiers, with a Tube of the Month section giving numerous data and photos about a great number of receiving tubes.

EN  The Bunker of DOOM

A lot of tube manuals and catalogs, for noncommercial use and sharing.

EN  Western Electric Technical Library

Western Electric was established in 1869. It was re-established in 1996 for the exclusive manufacture of electron tubes and high fidelity. You will find early tubes datasheets by following Library > Technical Library : Browse our selection of historical technical documentation.


PL  Museum of Opole University of Technology and X-ray tubes

Professor Grzegorz Jezierski's collection is undoubtedly the most comprehensive in the world! Vintage X-Ray tubes made of glass and ceramic, modern ones for industrial radiography, dental/medical, diffraction type, fluorescence type, microfocus X-ray tubes, miniature X-ray tubes...
Click on “WIRTUALNY PRZEWODNIK” for a virtual tour of the museum.

EN  Antique X-Ray Tubes and Accessories

Dr. Zahi Hakim's superb collection of antique X-ray tubes and accessories used in the Art of Radiology.

EN  DE  DE  ES  X-ray optics

This website explains how to generate and detect X-rays and illustrates some aspects of X-ray physics. There is a wide range of X-ray optical devices.

EN  FR  NL  Belgian Museum of Radiology

The museum is setup in the waiting rooms of the military hospital department of medical imaging. The website presents a gallery of some of the 1,500 exhibits shown in the museum.

EN  DE  Deutsches Röntgen Museum

Located in Remscheid-Lennep (Germany), the birthplace of Wilhelm Röntgen, this museum allows the visitors to experiment and navigate a way through the fascinating world of the invisible.

DE  Röntgen / X-Ray

The fabulous collection of Udo Radtke, which covers all the technology of x-ray tubes, from the origins to the present day.

FR  Pôle Ressources du Patrimoine Hospitalier et Médical du Nord

Collections in Radiology.

IT  Collezioni Rocchini Dumas: Raggi X - Radon

Ancient and modern X-ray tubes, radium emanators, radiation detectors, etc.


EN  UK Microwave Group - Microwave Museum

This richly illustrated website presents: Amplifiers, Detectors, Dishes, Early Microwave Use, Feeds, Gunn Oscillators, Heil Tubes, Horns, JVL Mixers, Klystrons, Low Noise Oscillators, Planar Triodes, Transceivers, Traveling Wave Tubes, Wavemeters.

EN  DF6NA - Photogalerie of Tubes TWT

Numerous pictures of traveling-wave tubes and TWT amplifiers.


DE  EN  Dieter's Nixie World

Dieter Wächter has gathered in these pages a very large collection of pictures and informations about Nixie and other display and counting tubes.

DE  EN  Nixie-Sammlung

Jens Boos shows his nice collection of Nixie tubes, with many pictures and technical information.

EN  Decode Systems

Dan Veeneman's website has an interesting section about Nixie Tubes, Numitron Readouts, Cathode Ray Tubes, Neon Glow Lamps and old LED Displays.

EN  Industrial Alchemy

This virtual museum documents many interesting vacuum and gas-filled tubes, solid state components, display and counting circuits, clocks and timers, electronic test and communication equipments, calculators and digital computers.


IT  VideoCurioso - Storia e curiosità del VIDEO

Photo gallery of ancient cameras and camera tubes (iconoscopes, orthicons).


EN  The Cathode Ray Tube site

A lot of interesting pictures from a part of Henk Dijkstra's tube collection: CRTs, camera tubes and famous demonstration tubes like the Crookes Maltese Cross tube. Also Röntgen (X-Ray), Geissler tubes and Ruhmkorff coils are part of this website.

DE  EN  Das Virtuelle Oszilloskopmuseum - The Virtual Oszimuseum

A collection of CRTs, mostly of Russian and German origin.

EN  Oscilloscope Selection Guide and List with Data Sheets

The objective of this site is to give consumers of laser lab products as much information as possible, and a platform where freedom of choice is possible. To that end, they have selection guides for all sorts of products!

EN  Wiki for the community of Tektronix oscilloscope enthusiasts

The purpose of this site is to help people get information about classic Tektronix equipment.


EN  Oak Ridge Associated Universities - Geiger-Mueller (GM) Tubes

Historical Instrumentation Collection.

EN  Oak Ridge Associated Universities - Proportional Counters and Neutron Detectors

Many pictures and technical information.


DE  Technikmuseum von Electrosuisse

A large gallery of Crookes, Geissler and Röntgen tubes, and also some commercial vacuum tubes.

DE  Cursdorf Historisches Glasapparatemuseum
See also

Around the turn of the 19th century, Rudolf Preßler in Cursdorf (Thüringen) founded a company which became known worldwide in the fields of thermometry, X-ray technology, gas discharge physics and photoelectronics. These tubes can be admired in the newly designed village community center.

DE  JS-Lehrmittel : Geissler-Röhren und mehr...

JS-Lehrmittel is operated by the company Historische Glasapparate und Lehrmittel, Lutz Neumann in Cursdorf/Thuringia. It markets special tubes and everything from the field of science teaching aids.

DE  Historische Glasapparate & Lehrmittel - Lutz Neumann

Lutz Neumann, Master glassmaker, continues the ancient tradition of physics teaching aids. He produces spectral tubes, Geissler tubes, Crookes tubes, glow lamps and demonstration models, of course everything first hand and made by the master himself!

EN  Sparkmuseum - Crookes and Geissler Tubes

From the collection of John D. Jenkins (Bellingham, Washington).

EN  The Turn Of The Century Electrotherapy Museum

Crookes, Geissler, & X-Ray Tubes.


EN  Sam's Laser FAQ

Samuel M. Goldwasser's Practical Guide to Lasers for Experimenters and Hobbyists, including in-depth details about safety, info, links, parts, types, drive, construction, and much more.

EN  Laser Equipment Gallery

Photos of Various Laser Systems, Power Supplies, and Components. This gallery is a collection of pages associated with Sam's Laser FAQ which provides thumbnails and links to full size photos of a variety of specific pieces of laser equipment including interior and exterior views and closeups.


DE  Quecksilberdampfgleichrichter - Ein virtuelles Museum

Ralf Jaeckel's website gives an insight into the history, operation and execution of the large mercury arc rectifiers.


FR  Le cabinet de physique

The objective of this site is to make rediscover devices which, thanks to the ingenuity of their inventors, have contributed to scientific progress or to the teaching of the laws of physics.

EN  ORAU Museum of Radiation and Radioactivity

The purpose of the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) Museum of Radiation and Radioactivity is to chronicle the scientific and commercial history of radioactivity and radiation. The collection, located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, includes hundreds of items, some of them very rare. The site presents online photographs and descriptions and informative stories regarding item's history.

FR  ASEISTE - Association de Sauvegarde et d'Étude des Instruments Scientifiques et Techniques de l'Enseignement

ASEISTE is a French association which works mainly in French high schools and colleges. Its objectives are, among others, to find and preserve instruments and collections and to promote and support their pedagogical use. An online catalog indexes and describes all the scientific and technical heritage.

FR  Le Compendium

This site presents a private collection of old scientific instruments often belonging to the field of Education.

FR  ScienceÉchos

The ScienceÉchos association contributes to the management and the development of the collection of old scientific and didactic instruments of the Wallonia-Brussels Federation (Belgium), which currently includes more than 4000 objects dating from the end of the 18th century until about 1960, and an equivalent number of scientific books, reviews, catalogs, manuals and school documents of the same period.

EN  Antique Wireless and Scientific Instruments

The collection of John D. Jenkins (Bellingham, Washington).

DE  Physik-Sammlung der RWTH Aachen

These web pages are primarily intended for students of physics lectures and the staff of the collection. The main purpose is to document the teaching material, i.e. the devices available in the collection, and the experiments that can be set up with these devices.


FR  Musée Français de la Radiologie et de l'Imagerie médicale

Located in Paris, this museum presents the collections of the French Society of Radiology and the Antoine Béclère Center: electrostatic machines, electrology sets, models of X-ray equipment, X-ray tubes, fluoroscopy screens, educational waxes and many other objects, each telling a page in the history of radiology.

FR  Maison d'Ampère. Musée de l'Électricité

The museum, located in Poleymieux-au-Mont-d'Or in the Lyon metropolis, is housed in the house where André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836) spent part of his childhood and youth. With 14 rooms and almost 1000 m² of exhibitions, you will discover interactive experiences, rooms dedicated to Ampère's life and discoveries, to the history of electricity from antiquity to the production of electrical energy with windmills, photovoltaic power plants, and collections of old instruments, rare electrical machines and local heritage in the field of electricity and its applications (radio, medicine, theatre, etc.).

IT  Museo della radiologia di Palermo

This Museum of Radiology, the only one of its kind in Italy, is divided into six sections or thematic itineraries: history of radiology, evolution of the devices, collection of X-ray tubes and valves, X-ray facilities of the 30ies, Cignolini's room, and educational path. The scientific collection of the Museum is composed, besides the devices, of the equipments and the objects related to radiology, radiotherapy, electrotherapy, Marconi-therapy, ultrasound-therapy and also to surgical instrument, instrument of physics and photographic equipments.

DE  Deutsches Röntgen Museum

Located in Remscheid-Lennep, the birthplace of the discoverer of X-rays, the German Röntgen Museum comprehensively documents the life, achievements and impact of the work of Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen - and, in addition, conveys the extensive number of fields of application for X-rays. The collections comprise more than 155,000 objects. Among them, there is a very high number of invaluable original exhibits and a quite unique collection worldwide of appliances to detect, research and apply X-rays across all scientific areas.

EN  The Museum of Technology, The History of Gadgets and Gizmos

This museum, located in Spalding (Lincolnshire, UK) spans that very small period in history from 1850-1980 in which the technological revolution took place. The collection traces the progress of electronic and engineered artefacts including telegraphy, telephony, audio, military and civil communications, warfare, photography, scientific and electrical domestic equipment.

EN  VintageTEK, A Museum of Vintage TEKTRONIX Equipment

Located in Beaverton, Oregon, the museum has a display case for a small collection of Tektronix cathode ray tubes, CRT components and memorabilia which spans the history of CRT development and production at Tektronix from start to finish.

FR  Musée de l'audiovisuel et de la communication
See also

In Montval-sur-Loir (France), the audiovisual and communication museum founded by Joël Heslon offers 1,300 items testifying to the French history of telecommunications.

DE  EN  Industriesalon Schöneweide e.V.

Located in Berlin-Oberschöneweide, this museum displays exhibits from the former factory for television electronics (WF). The WF was one of the “high-tech centers” of the GDR – and with about 9,000 employees, the largest factory in East Berlin. It operated – under changing names – from 1945 to 1992 on the premises between Ostendstraße and Wilhelminenhofstraße on the Spree River.

EN  The Perham Collection of Early Electronics

The Perham Collection of Early Electronics at History San José is the legacy of radio pioneer Douglas McDonald Perham (1887-1967), an early wireless experimenter and radio broadcaster. Perham, a talented technician, was also a life-long collector. The collection parallels Perham's career and documents early electronics in the West, particularly the Santa Clara Valley, from the early 1900s to 1960. The current collection includes more than 2,500 objects and 1,200 photographs, and more than 200 linear feet of manuscript collections. Rare books, trade manuals, ephemera and other printed material are also part of the collection.

DE  Kleines Röhrenmuseum

Located in Regensburg (Eastern Bavaria, Germany), this museum presents transmitting tubes, rectifiers & thyratrons, magnetrons & klystrons, historical tubes, miniature tubes, modern tubes, photoelectric tubes, measuring instruments, oscillographs, televisions & radios, other tube devices, and more...

DE  EN  The Vacuum Tube Museum of SPINNER GmbH

This unique private museum devoted to the history of the vacuum tube is only rarely opened to the public. It grew out of a collection amassed by Dr. Georg Spinner, the engineer who founded SPINNER GmbH, which has specialized in radio frequency equipment. It contains hundreds of legacy amplifier and oscillator tubes that were once used for a wide range of applications in electrical, communications and medical technology.

EN  Museum of Victorian Science

Located in Glaisdale, North Yorkshire, UK. A journey of real science through 19th century physics.


Located in Watchet on the West Somerset (UK), this museum houses an extensive collection of radios, televisions, broadcasting equipment and related ephemera. The museum displays tell the story of radio and broadcasting in Britain since the 1920s.


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